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These learning outcomes are offered as a guide for planning career education for students from years 1 to 13+. The outcomes are suggestions and are not intended to be exhaustive or prescriptive. Schools should select outcomes they believe will fit their career education and guidance programme and will meet the needs of their students.

Although outcomes are presented in tables that suggest fixed boundaries, students' career management competencies lie along a continuum. Schools need to adjust programmes to meet their students' needs.

Schools that choose to assess achievement in career education programmes can develop assessment criteria from these outcomes. Many schools assess senior students against unit and achievement standards registered on the National Qualifications Framework.

Changes from Career Education and Guidance in New Zealand Schools, 2003

The 2003 edition of Career Education and Guidance in New Zealand Schools identified four broad aims for career education and guidance. Since 2003, many countries have decided to refer to competencies instead of aims and they have grouped competencies under three headings. We have also adopted this approach.

We have combined two of the aims in the 2003 guidelines, Making Decisions and Planning and Taking Action, into the competency Deciding and Acting, as set out below. The strand time management has not been carried into the new competencies.

The suggested learning outcomes for Deciding and Acting were formed as follows:

Make and review career plans

Setting goals and planning combines

  • Setting goals and planning – from Making Decisions and Planning
  • Exploring options and reviewing plans – from Making Decisions and Planning.

Make life- and career-enhancing decisions

Decision-making skills combines

  • Decision-making skills – from Making Decisions and Planning
  • Making subject choices – from Taking Action.

Independence and interdependence uses

  • Independence and interdependence – from Making Decisions and Planning.

Act appropriately to manage their own career

Transition combines

  • The workplace – from Taking Action
  • Support networks – from Taking Action.

Job search combines

  • Developing a CV – from Taking Action
  • The job search process – from Taking Action
  • Interview skills – from Taking Action.

We have also made some small changes to some of the learning outcomes. These include re-levelling to reflect current practice and clarifying language.

Published on: 04 Aug 2009