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Technology

Achievement objectives

Technology learning area title.

Level 1

Technological practice

Students will:

Planning for practice

Outline a general plan to support the development of an outcome, identifying appropriate steps and resources.

Brief development

Describe the outcome they are developing and identify the attributes it should have, taking account of the need or opportunity and the resources available.

Outcome development and evaluation

Investigate a context to communicate potential outcomes. Evaluate these against attributes; select and develop an outcome in keeping with the identified attributes.

Technological knowledge

Students will:

Technological modelling

Understand that functional models are used to represent reality and test design concepts and that prototypes are used to test technological outcomes.

Technological products

Understand that technological products are made from materials that have performance properties.

Technological systems

Understand that technological systems have inputs, controlled transformations, and outputs.

Nature of technology

Students will:

Characteristics of technology

Understand that technology is purposeful intervention through design.

Characteristics of technological outcomes

Understand that technological outcomes are products or systems developed by people and have a physical nature and a functional nature.

Level 2

Technological practice

Students will:

Planning for practice

Develop a plan that identifies the key stages and the resources required to complete an outcome.

Brief development

Explain the outcome they are developing and describe the attributes it should have, taking account of the need or opportunity and the resources available.

Outcome development and evaluation

Investigate a context to develop ideas for potential outcomes. Evaluate these against the identified attributes; select and develop an outcome. Evaluate the outcome in terms of the need or opportunity.

Technological knowledge

Students will:

Technological modelling

Understand that functional models are used to explore, test, and evaluate design concepts for potential outcomes and that prototyping is used to test a technological outcome for fitness of purpose.

Technological products

Understand that there is a relationship between a material used and its performance properties in a technological product.

Technological systems

Understand that there are relationships between the inputs, controlled transformations, and outputs occurring within simple technological systems.

Nature of technology

Students will:

Characteristics of technology

Understand that technology both reflects and changes society and the environment and increases people’s capability.

Characteristics of technological outcomes

Understand that technological outcomes are developed through technological practice and have related physical and functional natures.

Level 3

Technological practice

Students will:

Planning for practice

Undertake planning to identify the key stages and resources required to develop an outcome. Revisit planning to include reviews of progress and identify implications for subsequent decision making.

Brief development

Describe the nature of an intended outcome, explaining how it addresses the need or opportunity. Describe the key attributes that enable development and evaluation of an outcome.

Outcome development and evaluation

Investigate a context to develop ideas for potential outcomes. Trial and evaluate these against key attributes to select and develop an outcome to address the need or opportunity. Evaluate this outcome against the key attributes and how it addresses the need or opportunity.

Technological knowledge

Students will:

Technological modelling

Understand that different forms of functional modelling are used to inform decision making in the development of technological possibilities and that prototypes can be used to evaluate the fitness of technological outcomes for further development.

Technological products

Understand the relationship between the materials used and their performance properties in technological products.

Technological systems

Understand that technological systems are represented by symbolic language tools and understand the role played by the “black box” in technological systems.

Nature of technology

Students will:

Characteristics of technology

Understand how society and environments impact on and are influenced by technology in historical and contemporary contexts and that technological knowledge is validated by successful function.

Characteristics of technological outcomes

Understand that technological outcomes are recognisable as fit for purpose by the relationship between their physical and functional natures.

Level 4

Technological practice

Students will:

Planning for practice

Undertake planning that includes reviewing the effectiveness of past actions and resourcing, exploring implications for future actions and accessing of resources, and consideration of stakeholder feedback, to enable the development of an outcome.

Brief development

Justify the nature of an intended outcome in relation to the need or opportunity. Describe the key attributes identified in stakeholder feedback, which will inform the development of an outcome and its evaluation.

Outcome development and evaluation

Investigate a context to develop ideas for feasible outcomes. Undertake functional modelling that takes account of stakeholder feedback in order to select and develop the outcome that best addresses the key attributes. Incorporating stakeholder feedback, evaluate the outcome’s fitness for purpose in terms of how well it addresses the need or opportunity.

Technological knowledge

Students will:

Technological modelling

Understand how different forms of functional modelling are used to explore possibilities and to justify decision making and how prototyping can be used to justify refinement of technological outcomes.

Technological products

Understand that materials can be formed, manipulated, and/or transformed to enhance the fitness for purpose of a technological product.

Technological systems

Understand how technological systems employ control to allow for the transformation of inputs to outputs.

Nature of technology

Students will:

Characteristics of technology

Understand how technological development expands human possibilities and how technology draws on knowledge from a wide range of disciplines.

Characteristics of technological outcomes

Understand that technological outcomes can be interpreted in terms of how they might be used and by whom and that each has a proper function as well as possible alternative functions.

Level 5

Technological practice

Students will:

Planning for practice

Analyse their own and others’ planning practices to inform the selection and use of planning tools. Use these to support and justify planning decisions (including those relating to the management of resources) that will see the development of an outcome through to completion.

Brief development

Justify the nature of an intended outcome in relation to the need or opportunity. Describe specifications that reflect key stakeholder feedback and that will inform the development of an outcome and its evaluation.

Outcome development and evaluation

Analyse their own and others’ outcomes to inform the development of ideas for feasible outcomes. Undertake ongoing functional modelling and evaluation that takes account of key stakeholder feedback and trialling in the physical and social environments. Use the information gained to select and develop the outcome that best addresses the specifications. Evaluate the final outcome’s fitness for purpose against the brief.

Technological knowledge

Students will:

Technological modelling

Understand how evidence, reasoning, and decision making in functional modelling contribute to the development of design concepts and how prototyping can be used to justify ongoing refinement of outcomes.

Technological products

Understand how materials are selected, based on desired performance criteria.

Technological systems

Understand the properties of subsystems within technological systems.

Nature of technology

Students will:

Characteristics of technology

Understand how people’s perceptions and acceptance of technology impact on technological developments and how and why technological knowledge becomes codified.

Characteristics of technological outcomes

Understand that technological outcomes are fit for purpose in terms of time and context. Understand the concept of malfunction and how “failure” can inform future outcomes.

Level 6

Technological practice

Students will:

Planning for practice

Critically analyse their own and others’ past and current planning practices in order to make informed selection and effective use of planning tools. Use these to support and justify ongoing planning that will see the development of an outcome through to completion.

Brief development

Justify the nature of an intended outcome in relation to the need or opportunity and justify specifications in terms of key stakeholder feedback and wider community considerations.

Outcome development and evaluation

Critically analyse their own and others’ outcomes to inform the development of ideas for feasible outcomes. Undertake ongoing experimentation and functional modelling, taking account of stakeholder feedback and trialling in the physical and social environments. Use the information gained to select, justify, and develop a final outcome. Evaluate this outcome’s fitness for purpose against the brief and justify the evaluation, using feedback from stakeholders.

Technological knowledge

Students will:

Technological modelling

Understand the role and nature of evidence and reasoning when managing risk through technological modelling.

Technological products

Understand how materials are formed, manipulated, and transformed in different ways, depending on their properties, and understand the role of material evaluation in determining suitability for use in product development.

Technological systems

Understand the implications of subsystems for the design, development, and maintenance of technological systems.

Nature of technology

Students will:

Characteristics of technology

Understand the interdisciplinary nature of technology and the implications of this for maximising possibilities through collaborative practice.

Characteristics of technological outcomes

Understand that some technological outcomes can be perceived as both product and system. Understand how these outcomes impact on other outcomes and practices and on people’s views of themselves and possible futures.

Level 7

Technological practice

Students will:

Planning for practice

Critically analyse their own and others’ past and current planning and management practices in order to develop and employ project management practices that will ensure the effective development of an outcome to completion.

Brief development

Justify the nature of an intended outcome in relation to the issue to be resolved and justify specifications in terms of key stakeholder feedback and wider community considerations.

Outcome development and evaluation

Critically analyse their own and others’ outcomes and evaluative practices to inform the development of ideas for feasible outcomes. Undertake a critical evaluation that is informed by ongoing experimentation and functional modelling, stakeholder feedback, and trialling in the physical and social environments. Use the information gained to select, justify, and develop an outcome. Evaluate this outcome’s fitness for purpose against the brief. Justify the evaluation, using feedback from stakeholders and demonstrating a critical understanding of the issue.

Technological knowledge

Students will:

Technological modelling

Understand how the “should” and “could” decisions in technological modelling rely on an understanding of how evidence can change in value across contexts and how different tools are used to ascertain and mitigate risk.

Technological products

Understand the concepts and processes employed in materials evaluation and the implications of these for design, development, maintenance, and disposal of technological products.

Technological systems

Understand the concepts of redundancy and reliability and their implications for the design, development, and maintenance of technological systems.

Nature of technology

Students will:

Characteristics of technology

Understand the implications of ongoing contestation and competing priorities for complex and innovative decision making in technological development.

Characteristics of technological outcomes

Understand that technological outcomes are a resolution of form and function priorities and that malfunction affects how people view and accept outcomes.

Level 8

Technological practice

Students will:

Planning for practice

Critically analyse their own and others’ past and current planning and management practices in order to develop and employ project management practices that will ensure the efficient development of an outcome to completion.

Brief development

Justify the nature of an intended outcome in relation to the context and the issue to be resolved. Justify specifications in terms of key stakeholder feedback and wider community considerations.

Outcome development and evaluation

Critically analyse their own and others’ outcomes and fitness-for-purpose determinations in order to inform the development of ideas for feasible outcomes. Undertake a critical evaluation that is informed by ongoing experimentation and functional modelling, stakeholder feedback, trialling in the physical and social environments, and an understanding of the issue as it relates to the wider context. Use the information gained to select, justify, and develop an outcome. Evaluate this outcome’s fitness for purpose against the brief. Justify the evaluation, using feedback from stakeholders and demonstrating a critical understanding of the issue that takes account of all contextual dimensions.

Technological knowledge

Students will:

Technological modelling

Understand the role of technological modelling as a key part of technological development, justifying its importance on moral, ethical, sustainable, cultural, political, economic, and historical grounds.

Technological products

Understand the concepts and processes employed in materials development and evaluation and the implications of these for design, development, maintenance, and disposal of technological products.

Technological systems

Understand operational parameters and their role in the design, development, and maintenance of technological systems.

Nature of technology

Students will:

Characteristics of technology

Understand the implications of technology as intervention by design and how interventions have consequences, known and unknown, intended and unintended.

Characteristics of technological outcomes

Understand how technological outcomes can be interpreted and justified as fit for purpose in their historical, cultural, social, and geographical locations.

Published on: 08 Apr 2014


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