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Coherence

This section draws together research, digital resources, and examples to support schools as they consider the coherence principle.

Resources and inspiration

Connections l Transitions l Pathways

Connections

Resources

NZC Update 23 – Literacy across the curriculum 
This Update focuses on the languages, texts, and literacy practices of the different curriculum learning areas.

NZC Update 4 – Literacy, numeracy, and the key competencies across the curriculum (PDF 1.1MB)
This Update, published in December 2010, focuses on the key competencies and the framework they provide for developing knowledge, skills, and attitudes in literacy and numeracy.

Senior social sciences – Connections between subjects
This resource page offers ideas on how to make connections between social sciences and other curriculum areas, and how to help students understand how their learning in senior social studies can connect to their lives outside school.

Secondary middle leaders: How are connections made to prior learning and experience?
This tool enables secondary teachers to explore how well they know their students and the learning they are undertaking in other subjects or learning areas.

Assessment Online – Moderation
This section from Assessment Online provides information on the theory of moderation, and practical advice on the ways schools might go about setting up moderation processes to improve consistency of practice.

Inspiration

Deeper learning: Why cross-curricular teaching is essential
In this Edutopia article, Ben Johnson calls for groups of teachers to pool their talents, resources, time, and efforts to maximize coherence, relevance, and connections among learning areas.

The value of generalists
Political and economic commentator Rod Oram talks about the value of generalists in a world of specialism. Rod believes the New Zealand education system contributes to producing successful examples of these: people who can work across a wide range of issues and subjects to bring coherence.

Developing new ways of thinking about student learning
Gregor Fountain, history teacher and deputy principal at Wellington College, recently visited UK secondary schools to investigate the ways they were developing inter-disciplinary learning. Greg shares some of his observations and relates these to the current New Zealand learning environment.

Collaborative teaching for interdisciplinary learning
An example of teachers working together across social studies and science to collaboratively plan and teach.

You're not in math class anymore: Integrating math across the curriculum
Discover how one teacher brought her love of running into the classroom and, in the process, integrated all areas of the curriculum. 

Transitions

Resources – Into school

Starting school / Te tīmata o te haere ki te kura
This webpage provides a range of resources to support children and their families as they transition into primary school.

Transition to school poster
This poster, presented in PDF format by Charles Sturt University in NSW Australia, illustrates the many facets of transition experienced by young children as they enter primary school. 

Transitions in early childhood education – Into, within and beyond
Leaders in early childhood education from Canterbury University have prepared seven pieces of thinking on transitions. Each piece is shaped to be a provocation for the reader. Reflective questions for the reader are woven into the text.

Sandra Hewetson – Sabbatical report 2010: School transition
Sandra Hewetson, from Western Heights School in Auckland, reports on an action research project on transitioning five-year-olds into the context of a primary school.

Keith McKenzie – Sabbatical Report 2005: Special education (PDF 165KB)
Keith McKenzie, from Invercargill Middle School, has developed a principal's guide to transitioning preschoolers with special needs into primary school. The article discusses the transition children, families, and teachers face in the move from early childhood centres to primary school.

Transitions within the centre and to school

This research project by Valerie Podmore with Jan Taouma and the A'oga Fa'a Samoa investigates the relationship between learning and language continuity as children and educators make transitions from a Pasifika immersion centre to beginning school.

Negotiating the Transition: Parents' Experience of their Oldest Child's Transition to School
This study follows the experience of parents within six families during their oldest child's transition from early childhood education to school.

Resources – Through schools

Kay Ward – Sabbatical Report 2011: Transitioning students between schools
Kay Ward, Carew Peel Forest School, investigates the impact on rural schools where increased dairy farming has resulted in a growing population of transient students. She explores what strategies are effective in transitioning students between schools.

Patricia Conrad – Sabbatical Report 2010: What makes for successful transition
Patricia Conrad, Mansell Senior School, investigates transition programmes across Auckland for year 6 students moving to intermediate school and for year 8 students moving to secondary school.

Geoff Siave – Sabbatical report 2011: Information received from contributing schools
Geoff Siave, Shirley Intermediate, investigates the methods used by intermediate schools to enhance the transition of academic information about children moving from contributing schools to intermediate schools.

NZC Update 24 – Supporting learners in years 7–10
This Update is designed to help schools ensure positive transitions, with continuity and clear direction, for learners in years 7–10.

Middle schooling – Cross-sector links
This resource provides research, questions, examples, and tools to explore the benefits of partnerships between schools and teachers in different education sectors.

Ken Dawson – Sabbatical report 2009: School transition
Ken Dawson, Ellesmere College, looks at the processes schools have to transition students from primary school to year 7 in year 7–13 composite schools.

Resources – Beyond school

Inspiration

Elementary to middle school transition video
Gordon County Schools and SHS Video Productions present a video about the transition from elementary to middle school with answers to lots of questions from Gordon County elementary students. This video stars students, faculty, and staff of the Gordon County School System.

Rickmansworth School: Transition day 2014
This short video shows Rickmansworth's Transition Day 2014, where year 6 visit the school, meet their form tutors, and spend time in lessons.

CCP technologies provide additional transition strategies from primary to high school
This video shows how students in the NSW Department of Education and Training's primary schools are able to learn about high school using their interactive whiteboards and video conferencing technologies.

Pathways

Resources

Reviewing your curriculum – Learning pathways
This resource provides review tools, research, resources, and examples to help schools ensure clear learning pathways for students as they design and shape their curriculum.

NZC Update 9 – Effective learning pathways (PDF 1.5MB)
This Update is designed to help secondary schools review their curriculum to ensure that all students experience effective pathways throughout their learning.

Career education and guidance in New Zealand schools
Career education and guidance in New Zealand schools offers support to schools on providing effective career education and guidance in years 7 to 13. It outlines a set of career management competencies young people need to develop, and suggests an effective model of career education that can be used.

Career education and Te Marautanga o Aotearoa
This page relates career management competencies to the graduate profile characteristics espoused in Te Marautanga o Aotearoa (the curriculum document that supports Māori medium levels 1 and 2).

Youth Guarantee: Vocational Pathways
The Vocational Pathways are a tool that provides a clear framework for vocational options, supports better programme design and careers advice, and improves the links between education and employment.

Māori Futuremakers
The Māori Future Makers website is an excellent tool for students and whānau when planning education pathways. Māori Future Makers profiles 30 inspirational Māori with specialist skills and capabilities who are studying, employed, or self-employed in primary, knowledge-intensive, and growth industries.

Career Kete: Dream and Discover
This teachers' guide and student worksheets aid the design and delivery of career learning in years 7–8. Dream and Discover helps students gain awareness of themselves and their futures, and prepare for the move to secondary school.

Career Kete: Explore and compare
This teachers' guide and student worksheets aid the design and delivery of career learning in years 9–10. Explore and Compare helps students make subject choices through a process of learning and career planning.

NCEA – Steps to Success
This package of interactive, fun, and practical education resources is designed for rangatahi and whānau to improve their understanding of NCEA (National Certificate of Educational Achievement). 

YouTube: NCEA in a nutshell
Teacher, educationalist, and parent, Rowan Pita, offers useful advice on NCEA to students and whānau. She likens NCEA levels to kai kete, and encourages students to think about good quality kai and a good balance of kai for their kete.

Ka Hikitia: Māori potential approach and educational pathways
This blog post considers what is meant by the Māori potential approach principle, provides questions for leaders and kaiako to consider, includes inspirational school stories, and offers links to resources that promote high expectations and strong educational pathways for Māori students.

Chris Addington – Sabbatical Report 2007: Careers, transition, and vocational education (PDF 50KB)
Chris Addington, Cromwell College, completes an examination of various practices in secondary schools in the areas of careers, transition, and vocational education.

Meeting Pasifika learning interests
Clint Samaseia teaches social sciences and Spanish at Southern Cross Campus in South Auckland. Here he shares his pedagogies for engaging Pasifika students in their secondary learning programmes with Pasifika facilitator Togi Lemanu.

Personalising learning for NCEA Pasifika students
As HOD Performing Arts at Rutherford College, Manu Fa'aea-Semeatu worked with Pasifika students to realise their full potential, catering for their abilities and aspirations through collaboratively designing personalised courses in years 11–13.

Ko te Ara Mahi/Your career
These two posters present the concept of "career" in a Māori context. They provide Māori students and their whānau with a way of looking at career development.

The magic of myths – teachers' guide and sample stories
The magic of myths resource gives ideas for using kōrero pūrākau – Māori myths and legends – to connect with students about their future pathways.

Pasifika Dreams
Pasifika Dreams is a resource designed to help Pasifika young people capture their dreams for the future.

Inspiration

Practical and technical expertise in the UK
At ULearn11, Stephen Capper, head teacher at Sawyers Hall College, discusses the university technical colleges in the UK. These are colleges designed by universities and employers in partnership and teach the curriculum in a practical context.

Updated on: 28 Jan 2015


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