Diwali, also known as the Festival of Lights, is one of the most popular Hindu festivals. The festival preparations and rituals typically extend over a five-day period, but the main festival night of Diwali coincides with the darkest, new moon night of the Hindu Lunisolar month Kartika in Bikram Sambat calendar. In the Gregorian calendar, Diwali night falls between mid-October and mid-November. This year it is on 30 October.
Diwali, also known as Deepavali, or the Festival of Lights, signifies the triumph of light over darkness, good over evil, and renewal of life. Millions of Hindus around the world, including those in New Zealand, celebrate Diwali with gifts, lights, fireworks, and special meals. Major public festivals, along with private and family celebrations, mark Diwali in New Zealand.
Diwali is a great opportunity to engage with the local Indian Hindu community, especially those members who are families at school. Extend your school Diwali celebrations into the community, by encouraging family input into all aspects of your planning, teaching, and learning. It is from families that you will get valuable stories, artefacts, language, food, and dance, all of which will support the learning areas, key competencies, values, and principles of The New Zealand Curriculum - especially those which describe cultural diversity.
The NZC and cultural diversity
The importance of recognising and celebrating cultural diversity is a strong message in The New Zealand Curriculum. The New Zealand Curriculum identifies a number of values that have widespread community support, including diversity - "as found in our different cultures, languages, and heritages". The value of diversity is visible in schools when we see respect for others and their views, beliefs and cultures; dialogue; tolerance; inclusion; cultural safety; wairua and spirituality. (Possible Pathways - Values)
The cultural diversity principle
"The curriculum reflects New Zealand’s cultural diversity and values the histories and traditions of all its people.”
The New Zealand Curriculum, p. 9.
Cultural diversity is one of eight principles in The New Zealand Curriculum that provide a foundation for schools' decision making. The principle of cultural diversity calls for schools and teachers to affirm students’ different cultural identities, and incorporate their cultural contexts into teaching and learning programmes.
A 2012 report by the Education Review Office noted that in schools where the cultural diversity principle was evident, “teachers provided practical opportunities for all students to be proud and share their languages and cultures through cultural groups, special events, and school festivals that celebrated cultural difference.”
The cultural diversity principal in action
Our changing Indian heritage
In this story, Indian students from Marcellin College record some of their history, their memories of India, and how they are maintaining their Indian culture in New Zealand by continuing to celebrate their festivals.
Diwali in the classroom
Celebrate Diwali in your school by:
Eating and sharing: Diwali Dishes A few recipes to tantalise your taste buds over the Diwali period.
Celebrating: Try some Indian dance with your class, traditional or Bollywood style, or invite a local school or community group to come and perform or workshop dance at your school.
Playing: Integrate Diwali into maths with card games and dice games - players are meant to be more lucky at this time of year, so dice and card games are very popular.
Creating: Explore symbolism, symmetry, and geometric shapes with Diwali crafts - diya, rangoli, cards, flower garlands, thali plates, lanterns, fireworks and mehndi henna.
Passing on: Work with Hindu Indian children in the school to make a Diwali resource for future teaching and learning. What about a documentary following a student through Diwali for instance?
Gifting: What could your class do to help spread good luck and fortune in their community?
2016 festival dates and event information
Auckland - Saturday 15 October and Sunday 16 October
Wellington - Sunday 23 October (Labour weekend holiday)
Christchurch - Saturday 22 October
ESOL Online: Celebrations
An ESOL Online unit intended for level 1, new entrants-year 3, looks at special events people may share within their communities by focusing on multicultural customs and traditions in the Pacific, Asia, and Europe.
Celebrations engage all our senses, connect us to others, and foster a sense of place. These units, for levels 2, 4 and 5 of the New Zealand Curriculum, allow you to look at celebrations through any context - in this case Diwali.
A visual arts unit for levels 1–2 from Arts Online that explores Indian Rangoli designs.
A Secondary dance unit from Arts Online that focuses on Bollywood dance, a style of dance seen in Bollywood movies that fuses classical Indian dance with Western dance.
Diwali - Festival of Lights | Services to Schools
These resources have been selected by the National Library to support this popular topic.
School Journals and Ready to Read
A shared text, set in NZ, which describes an Indian girl’s experience of the five-day festival of Diwali. There is an audio version and accompanying teacher support material.
Wearing a Sari
Part 1 Number 2 2008
An article in which Sathna shows Jessica's class how to wear a sari.
School Journal Part 2 Number 4 2005
An article about a rangoli competition that was held during Diwali, the Hindu festival of light. In addition to Teacher Support material, this article also features in the National Standards reading illustrations.
Bells and Butterflies
Part 2 Number 1 2005
An article that tells how a young Indian girl, Nileesha Parbhu, prepares for and performs in a concert, dancing in the traditional Bharata Natyam style. This also has accompanying Teacher Support material.
Published on: 28 Sep 2015
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