The learning to learn principle
The principle of learning to learn is central to the New Zealand Curriculum vision of lifelong learning.
The curriculum encourages all students to reflect on their own learning processes and to learn how to learn.
The New Zealand Curriculum, page 9
This Update draws on evidence of why learning to learn is important. It describes how to foster learning to learn so that students take ownership of their own learning and play a greater role in classroom decision-making.
What is learning to learn?
Young people are always learning, for example, from their families, their whānau, their peers, church, television, the Internet, and school. However, learning to learn is an active, intentional process that needs to be specifically taught.
Learning to learn, sometimes called learning autonomy or self-regulation of learning, is an aspect of managing self. It is itself a competency, that is, a bundle of skills, knowledge, attitudes, and values that, together with metacognition, enables people to take control of and improve their own learning and develop “learner identities”.
Pupils’ learning is more productive if it is reflective, intentional, and collaborative, practices which may not come naturally but can be taught and can lead to pupils taking responsibility for their own learning.
Black et al., 2006, page 126