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The career management competencies described in these guidelines reflect the New Zealand Curriculum’s vision and values and relate closely to the key competencies.

Developing the competencies

The New Zealand Curriculum identifies five key competencies:

  • managing self
  • relating to others
  • participating and contributing
  • thinking
  • using language, symbols, and texts

People use these competencies to live, learn, work, and contribute as active members of their communities.

Career education lends itself to the development of rich and diverse opportunities for students to develop and demonstrate the key competencies. Providing opportunities in a career education context has the advantage that the content and context are inherently real and future-focused.

Relating the competencies

Career management competencies

Link to the key competencies

Developing self-awareness

Young people understand themselves and the influences on them.

Involves managing self and relating to others.

Exploring opportunities

Young people investigate opportunities in learning and work.

Requires students to think critically, use language, symbols, and texts, and relate to others.

Deciding and acting

Young people make and adjust their plans, manage change and transition, and take appropriate action.

Involves students thinking constructively and preparing to participate and contribute throughout their lives.

Learning opportunities designed to develop the key competencies will also be an opportunity to address career management competencies. Many of the approaches for developing the key competencies apply equally to career education and guidance. For example, some schools encourage students to become more involved in extracurricular activities as a way of enhancing their key competencies. Extracurricular participation also enhances career management competencies – experiences beyond their immediate family life assists students to become aware of a wider range of career opportunities.

The key competencies and career management competencies can be addressed in parallel. For example, school career education programmes often consider the qualities employers are looking for in employees. These qualities are generally closely aligned to the key competencies.

Reflecting on values

Career education and guidance contexts also offer students opportunities to reflect on their values and to investigate how these relate to the specific values involved in the diverse roles that exist in the world of work. They can learn about how their personal values can impact their choice of work style and how their social, cultural and economic values may incline them towards particular fields of work. They can develop their understanding of how people’s values differ and how values shape society and the workplace.

Using the principles

The principles and pedagogy of career education and guidance are strongly aligned with the principles and pedagogy of The New Zealand Curriculum. Career education and guidance encourages high expectations, values the unique contributions of diverse people to a productive and sustainable society, links with learning across the curriculum, seeks active community engagement and encourages students to envision and build their futures. It takes account of students’ whole of life experiences, develops their ability to relate what they learn at school to their futures, encourages them to reflect and take action, and supports them to do this.

This provides a powerful and motivating context for learning and helps develop students’ knowledge about their capabilities now and what they will need in the future. Teachers and students can use this knowledge to personalise their learning programmes.

Published on: 04 Aug 2009